Global analytics software provider FICO today released its analysis of UK card trends for December 2021. As expected for the Christmas period, spend and credit card balances increased. But with the percentage of payments to balance levelling out and a drop in the numbers of accounts paying the full balance, the data suggests rising living costs could be starting to take effect.
Balances continue to increase and percentage of payments to balance stable
The average active balance continued its strong upward trend at £1,550 in December, although it will take several more months of continuous growth to reach the £1,719 average seen in December 2019.
The percentage of payments to balance was sharply increasing between March and October, suggesting consumer confidence in managing their finances. After dropping in November, the average percentage of payments to balance stabilised in December at 40 percent. This pattern is typical of the Christmas period, when balances increase while funds are used elsewhere, but lockdown savings could also be a factor. The question is how long these will last.
The percentage of accounts paying the full balance has started to drop across all accounts. It will be interesting to see how payment rates continue with living costs rising and with inflation at its highest rate for 30 years.
UK Card spend remains higher than pre-pandemic levels
Average spend on credit cards continued to increase, averaging £760 in December, which is 14 percent higher year on year and probably more significant, £63 more than in pre-pandemic December 2019. The continued rise in spend and balances, especially with the easing of COVID restrictions, reflects a more confident consumer base. However, the picture of missed payments suggests lenders need to be vigilant.
Rise in consumers missing payments
Missed payments usually peak just after Christmas and start to level out and decrease by spring. However, the percentage of accounts missing one payment increased by 17 percent between November and December 2021, with a 3.65 percent increase year on year. A similar trend was seen for the percentage of balances with one missed payment.
Accounts missing two payments also increased between November and December, a trend that was also seen in 2020 and which peaked in January 21. However, compared to last year there has been a 15 percent drop in the percentage of accounts missing two payments and a 23 percent decrease in the percentage of balances with two missed payments.
With the end of furlough support this year, combined with flat incomes and higher inflation, issuers will be following payment behaviour closely over the coming months.
Seasonal drop in cash sales as a percentage of total sales
Cash usage slowed in December and only marginally increased month on month. Although 22 percent higher than in December 2020, there is still a long way to go before it reaches pre-pandemic levels.
Even with the rise of the Omicron variant, FICO data shows that Christmas spending increased in December 2021. But with higher inflation, and a potential gradual increase in interest rates, this may be too much for some consumers to pay. Over the next few months, lenders will need to continue to monitor and offer appropriate payment options for customers showing signs of financial stress.